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Nuclear Security & Non-Proliferation

 

With the establishment of its national policy in 2008, the UAE has fully committed itself to the highest standards of nuclear security and nuclear non-proliferation. Following the objectives of enhancing confidence and supporting the non-proliferation efforts of the international community, the UAE has set nuclear security and non-proliferation as main principles of its Nuclear Policy for its domestic nuclear energy programme.

 

The Policy states that, as part of its commitment to operational transparency, the UAE will conclude all required international instruments and abide strictly by the resulting obligations. The Policy lists the relevant international instruments, including those to which the UAE is already party, and will identify those to be concluded in tandem with the UAE’s evaluation of peaceful nuclear and those to be concluded only if the UAE chooses to deploy nuclear power plants.

 

Since then, the UAE has solidified the commitments made in its Policy, concluding all international instruments referred to in the Policy:

 

IAEA Treaty on Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (1995)   

UN Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (2000)  

IAEA Comprehensive Safeguards Agreement (2003)     

IAEA Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material (2003)  

UN Security Council Resolution 1540 (2004)  

UN International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism (2005)      

IAEA Additional Protocol to the Comprehensive Safeguards Agreement (2009)  

IAEA Amendment to the Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material (2009)        

 

In addition to its clear responsibilities under these agreements, the UAE has further demonstrated its commitments through the commitment to forgo enrichment and reprocessing of nuclear fuel. In 2009, the UAE Government transformed this policy commitment into a National Law forbidding “the development, construction, or operation of uranium enrichment or spent fuel reprocessing facilities within the borders of the UAE”.

 

UAE is also supportive to multiple international initiatives such as the pledged of $10 million to support an IAEA-administered international low-enriched uranium (LEU) fuel bank. This LEU bank was inaugurated in August 2015, with the signing of a Host Agreement between the IAEA and the Government of Kazakhstan.

 

The UAE is an active member of the IAEA Illicit Trafficking Database Programme. The IAEA Illicit Trafficking Database (ITDB) is a unique information system on illicit trafficking and other unauthorized activities and events involving nuclear and other radioactive materials that assist the IAEA, participating States and selected international organizations in improving nuclear security.

 

 

 

"Strengthening nuclear security is a priority in light of the expansion of the use of nuclear and

radioactive materials globally, and taking into consideration the increased threat of nuclear

terrorism. The UAE has taken multiple advanced steps to develop the required infrastructure and

evaluate that all effective measures are in place to ensure nuclear security.“

 

H.E. Ambassador Hamad Alkaabi,

UAE Permanent Representative to the IAEA

Nuclear Security in the United Arab Emirates

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Implementation of Nuclear Safeguards in the United Arab Emirates

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Testimonial

Signing of Additional Safeguards Protocol by United Arab Emirates H.E. Ambassador Hamad Alkaabi and IAEA Director General Mohamed ElBaradei. IAEA, Vienna,

 

April 2009 (Photo IAEA)